Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary
E.A. Wallis Budge, 1857 - 1934 Budge was the Curator of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities at the British Museum from 1894 to 1924. He was also a Sometime Scholar of Christ's College, a scholar at the University of Cambridge, Tyrwhitt, and a Hebrew Scholar. He collected a large number of Coptic, Greek, Arabic, Syriac, Ethiopian, and Egyptian Papyri manuscripts. He was involved in numerous archaeology digs in Egypt, Mesopotamia and the Sudan. Budge is known for translating the Egyptian Book of the Dead, which is also known as The Papyrus of Ani. He also analyzed many of the practices of Egyptian religion, language and ritual. His written works consisted of translated texts and hieroglyphs and a complete dictionary of hieroglyphs. Budge's published works covered areas of Egyptian culture ranging from Egyptian religion, Egyptian mythology and magical practices. He was knighted in 1920. E.A. Wallis Budge died on November 23, 1934 in London, England.
Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary
The bulk of the collection consists in the demotic and hieratic texts of roman date belonging to the Tebtynis Temple library, under which there are extremely interesting demotic narrative works (Petubastis/Inaros-Texts, a Setna-text, the demotic book of Wisdom, a demotic version of Nectanebos dream, the Story of Petese son of Petetum, the story of Naneferkasokar and the Babylonians, the Story of Onch-Sheshonqy), religious-philosophic literature, scientific demotic texts: astronomy, mathematics, astrology, cosmology, dream interpretation, a herbal, a legal manual, several onomastica, world lists and grammatical texts. The published hieratic texts are of religious and cultual content, like the versions of the Book of Faiyum, Manuals of Priestly Knowledge, Daily Ritual of Soknebtunis, but there are also the 'Tebtunis Onomasticon' (Hieratic with Demotic and Coptic glosses), a hieroglyphic dictionary, a list of nomes, medical texts and the famous 'Teaching of King Merikare'. The most relevant Hieroglyphic texts are probably the already mentioned Hieroglyphic Dictionary (with Hieratic/Hieroglyphic lemmata) fragment of the Priestly Encyclopedia (parallel to the 'Tanis Geographical Papyrus') and a copy of The Book of Fayum, other texts are a writing exercise and copies of temple inscriptions. Under the published Coptic texts there is a Magical Text (which also contains Greek magical text) [ LDAB 6567 ], fragments of the speeches of Agathonicus of Tarsus, a Coptic medical book, and two fragments of the New Testament. Under the Greek published texts there are few fragments of literary texts: namely a fragment of a dialogue in iambics (Menander?) [ LDAB 2739 ] a translation of the the Old Testament (Exod. 3,2-6. 12-13. 16-19) [ LDAB 3251 ] and part of a medical treatise now joined with other parts of the same manuscript in Florence [ LDAB 0244 ]. Among the several documents there are an oracle questions, lists of men, three extremely well preserved ptolemaic tax-receipt from Hawara, with the interior writing still sealed. Several fragments of a manuscript containing a register for the jewish tax, reused for a demotic literary text, are published by C.Salvaterra, L'amministrazione fiscale in una società multietnica, Studia Hellenistica 36 (2000), pp.287-348.
The Carlsberg Papyrus Collection consists of more than 500 inventoried papyri in addition to a considerable amount of material that has yet to be catalogued. The collection is made up from two principal sources: papyri purchased by the Carlsberg Foundation for the Egyptological Institute (now part of the Carsten Niebuhr Institute) - these form the bulk of the collection - and papyri formerly in the possession of Prof. H. O. Lange. It further includes a two Coptic codices purchased from Carl Schmidt, a few papyri formerly in the possession of Prof. Sander-Hansen, and the Teaching of King Merikare which was purchased from Ludwig Borchardt. The updated list of contents of the published texts can be found in the web pages of the collection: _copt.htm (coptic texts) _dem.htm (demotic texts) _gr.htm (greek texts) _hira.htm (hieratic texts) _hiro.htm (hieroglyphic texts) 041b061a72